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Ilex glabra

Gallberry is an erect, evergreen shrub with creeping rootstock. The leaves are dark green above and pale green below with scattered reddish glands. Leaves are often toothed or notched. Petioles have a powdery pubescence. The tiny white flowers have six petals and are in dense clusters. The fruit is black and shiny.  

Wildlife – Flowers are rich in nectar, which yields high-quality honey.

As the common name “gallberry” implies, the leaves and fruits are bitter. The whole plant is emetic. Gallberry is an important commercial source of honey in Florida. The bush is used as a yard broom in the Low Country.