A Disease Called Freedom

All items in the exhibition belong to Derrick Joshua Beard.
When appropriate, the format and date appear first, followed by the artist/author/ subject, title, edition statement, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, pagination, size (height by width by depth), and notes.

# 32


[Manuscript sheets, ca. 1850s]
Sheik Sena-See
[Autobiography with Quranic notations, Columbia-Panama]

Paper, ink
3 sheets (26.5 x 21.5; 25.5 x 20; 32 x 20 cm.)
[Sheik Sena-See was an enslaved Muslim from Sierra Leone. Prior to being sent to Panama to work on the construction of the railroad, he lived in the Carolinas and the Caribbean. Approximately thirty to forty percent of enslaved Africans were Muslim and came for a strong literary tradition and Quranic studies]

ABOLITIONISM (Anti-slavery)

[Serving spoon, ca. 1815]
Bentzon, Peter, 1783 -after 1850
[Silver serving spoon, Philadelphia]

Silver. 22 x 4.5 x 2.5 cm.
Peter Bentzon was the first Black silversmith working in the United States to mark his works with his name. He was born free about 1783 to a Norwegian father and a mulatto mother in St. Thomas, Virgin Islands. He was sent to Philadelphia for his education in 1791 and apprenticed there with an unidentified silversmith from 1799 to 1806. Bentzon worked as a silversmith and jeweler for over forty years in both Philadelphia and St. Croix, Virgin Islands.

[Ledger book, November 18th, 1817]
[The United Female African Society of Union Adams & Waterford, Pennsylvania]
“At a meeting held at the house of John Green Esq. in Adams, by a number of Females on the first day of Octtober - in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred & seventeen - the following was agreed to ... We whose names are underwritten being sensible of the blessings we enjoy of living in a land of light & liberty where we enjoy ... priviledges while many of our fellow mortals ... a miserable existence in slavery & heathenish darkness – do agree to form our selves into a body to contribute our nites for the Education of the People of color ...”
Paper, ink. 20 x 17.5 cm.
[Hand-written ledger containing: statement of purpose of the African Society, by-laws, names of members, constitution, dues payment record, and catalog of the Marietta Library. – Green decorated wallpaper binding]

[Miniature painting on ivory, ca. 1820]
[Reverend Daniel Coker, 1780-1840]
brass, ivory, glass, paint
8 x 5.5 cm.
Daniel Coker, an ex-slave from the Eastern Shore of Maryland, was a noted educator at Sharp Street AME Church, a Methodist Minister, and a writer. He was also a moving force in the organization of the AME Church and an advocate of the American Colonization Society. This miniature painting was made before Coker emigrated to Liberia in 1820.

[Printed textile, ca. 1820]
The Captive: “bondage was heavy upon his temple” – Neh. v. 18. – Boston: Boston Chemical Printing company, for the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society, n.d.
Cotton, ink
31.5 x 28 cm.

[Funeral notice, 1824]
Yourself and family are requested to attend the funeral of Severn H. Dakes, from the residence of Mr. Ephraim Outten, this morning, at 11 o’clock. A funeral sermon will be preached at the Methodist meeting-house. Maysville, [Missouri] June 15, 1824.
Paper, ink
6.5 x 12.5 cm.

[Periodical, 1835]
The anti-slavery record. – New-York: Published by R. G. Williams, for the American Anti- Slavery Society, 144 Nassau Street, 1835. – iv, 174 p. : ill. ; 19 x 11.5 cm.
[Vol I, for 1835, no. 1-12 (January–December); INDEX: p. [iii]-iv. – APPENDIX: p. 145-174. – Stamped cloth binding]

[Book, 1836]
Child, Lydia Maria Francis, 1802-1880.
An appeal in favor of that class of Americans called Africans
/ by Mrs. Child. – New-York: Published by John S. Taylor, 1836. – vi, 216 p. ; 18.5 x 12 cm.
[“Reader, I beseech you not to throw down this volume as soon as you have glanced at the title.” – Preface, p. [iv] – INDEX: p. [v]-vi. – CONTENTS: Chapter I: Brief history of Negro slavery; its inevitable effect upon all concerned in it; II: Comparative view of slavery, in different ages and nations; III: Free labor and slave labor, possibility of safe emancipation; IV: Influence of slavery on the politics of the United States; V: Colonization society, and anti-slavery society; VI: Intellect of Negroes; VII: Prejudices against people of color, and our duties in relation to this subject. – Stamped cloth binding]

[Periodicals, 1839, 1840, 1843]
The American Anti-Slavery almanac. – New York; Boston: Published for the American Anti-Slavery Society, S.W. Benedict; Isaac Knapp, 1839, 1840, 1843.
[The American Anti-Slavery Society was formed Dec. 4, 1833. – Illustrated. – Vol. I, no. 4 (1839); Vol. I, no. 5 (1840); 1843]

[Manumission document, 1844]
Louisa Conway being anxious to purchase herself, has the privilege to do so, provided she pays me the sum of four hundred and fifty within a year from this date, May 30th, 1844. [Signed] .... [in pencil] Paid for Louisa $450, May 21, 1845, Rec’d 8 ...?
Paper, ink
12.5 x 12.5 cm.

[Periodical, 1845]
Herald of freedom. – Concord, NH: Published weekly by the New-Hampshire Anti-Slavery Society, J. H. Ela, publishing Agent, 1845.
[Vol. II, no. 2, whole no. 494 (April 4, 1845), p. [5]-8. – 54 x 33.5 cm.]

[Book, 1845]
Douglass, Frederick, 1817?-1895
Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass, an American slave
/ written by himself. – [1st ed.] – Boston: Published at the Anti-Slavery Office, no. 25 Cornhill, 1845. – xvi, 125 p. ; 18 x 12 cm.
[PREFACE: p. [v]-xii / Wm. Lloyd Garrison, Boston, May 1, 1845. – Letter from Wendell Phillips, Esq., Boston, April 22, 1845 – p. [xii]-xvi. – APPENDIX: p. [118]-125. – Stamped cloth binding. – This was Douglass’ first book, written when he was a fugitive slave. The second, an updated autobiography, My bondage and my freedom, was published in 1855. He revised, updated, and greatly expanded this volume in a third version, The life and times of Frederick Douglass, in 1882]

[Book, 1848]
Thompson, George, d. 1893
The prison bard: or, Poems on various subjects
/ by George Thompson. – Hartford: printed by William H. Burleigh, 1848. – 215 p. ; 20 x 12 cm.
[“Written in prison. – For four years and eleven months a prisoner in Missouri, for attempting to aid some slaves to liberty” – T-p. – Pressed paper binding]

[Periodical, 1849]
The Pennsylvania Freeman. – Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society, 1949.
[New Series, Vol VI, no. 3 (Philadelphia, Jan. 18, 1849) ; 52.5 x 32.5 cm. – “...published every Thursday... at 31 N. 5th Street, Philadelphia. – Edited by a committee]

[Photographs, ca. 1850]
Seaver & Lothrop, Photographic Artists, 27 Tremont Row, Boston
Wm. Lloyd Garrison [1805-79], Helen E. Garrison, George J. Garrison, Helen Frances Garrison, Wm. L. Garrison, Jr. [American Abolitionist, and his family. Newburyport, Mass.]

5 carte-de-visites
10.5 x 6 cm.

[Photograph, 1850?]
Petit, Pierre (photographer)
[Portrait of Alexander Dumas & Adelaide I. Mencken]
11 x 9 cm.

[Daguerreotype, 1850-60?]
[Portrait of a distinguished freeman of color]
Cased image, 1/6 plate. 9 x 8 cm.

[Daguerreotype, 1850-60?]
[Portrait of distinguished freewoman of color with book in background]
Cased image, 1/6 plate. 9 x 8 cm.

[Periodical, 1851]
The Liberator. – Boston: Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society, 1851.
[Vol. XXI. No. 15, whole no. 1057 (Boston, Mass., Friday, April 11, 1851) ; 63 x 46 cm. – (Also on exhibit: v. 21, #22, 24, 25; v. 22, #28, 36; v. 30, #9. – “...published every Friday morning at the Anti-Slavery office, 21 Cornhill [Boston]. – Wm. Lloyd Garrison, editor. – J.B. Yerrington & Son, Printers]

[Book, 1852]
Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1811-1896
Uncle Tom’s cabin; or, Life among the lowly
/ by Harriet Beecher Stowe. – Boston; Cleveland: John P. Jewett & Company; Jewett, Proctor & Worthington, 1852. – 2 v. (v.1: x, 312 p., + 4 p. of advertisements); 20 x 13 cm.
[Illustrated title page.– Stamped, illustrated cloth binding]

[Book, 1854]
Northup, Solomon, b. 1808
Twelve years a slave: narrative of Solomon Northup, a citizen of New-York, kidnapped in Washington City in 1841 and rescued in 1853 from a cotton plantation near the Red River in Louisiana.
– Auburn and Buffalo: Miller, Orton & Mulligan; London: Sampson Low, Son & Company, 47 Ludgate Hill, 1854. – 336 p. : ill.; 20 x 14 cm.
[Frontispiece: engraving entitled: Solomon in his plantation suit. – “Twenty-seventh thousand.” – at head of title. – Editor’s Preface: p. [xv]-xvi. – APPENDIX: p. [323]-336. – Stamped cloth binding. – “Having been born a freeman, and for more than thirty years enjoyed the blessings of liberty in a free State–and having at the end of that time been kidnapped and sold into Slavery, where I remained, until happily rescued in the month of January, 1853, after a bondage of twelve years–it has been suggested that an account of my life and fortunes would not be uninteresting to the public.” – p. [17]

[Book, 1855]
Douglass, Frederick, 1817?-1895
My bondage and my freedom
/ by Frederick Douglass, with an introduction by Dr. James M’Cune Smith. – [1st ed.] – New York, 25 Park Row, and Auburn, 107 Genesee St.: Miller, Orton & Mulligan, 1855. – xxxi, 464 + [4] p. of adv.: ill.; 20 x 14 cm.
[Frontispiece: engraved portrait of Douglass. – CONTENTS: Part I, Life as a slave; Part II, Life as a freeman. – APPENDIX: p. 407-464. – Stamped cloth binding]

# 33

[Book, 1856]
Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1811-1896
Dred; a tale of the Great Dismal Swamp
/ by Harriet Beecher Stowe. – Boston: Phillips, Sampson and Company, 1856. – 2 v. (v.1: 329 p.: v. 2: 370 p.); 20 x 14 cm.
[“The writer of this book has chosen, once more, a subject from the scenes and incidents of the slaveholding states.” – Preface, p. [iii]. – Stamped cloth binding]

[Book, 1856]
Greeley, Horace
A history of the struggle for slavery extension or restriction in the United States from the Declaration of Independence to the present day
/ mainly compiled and condensed from the journals of congress and other official records, and showing the vote by yeas and nays on the most important divisions in either House, by Horace Greeley. – New York: Dix, Edwards & Co., 321 Broadway, 1856. – iv, 164 p. + [4] of ads.; 25.5 x 16.5 cm.
[PARTIAL CONTENTS: I: Slavery in the Colonies; II: Slavery under the Confederation; V: Early attempts to override the Ordinance of ?87; XIII: The compromise of 1850. – Stamped cloth binding]

[Book, 1856]
Carey, Henry Charles, 1793-1879
The slave trade, domestic and foreign: why it exists, and how it may be extinguished
/ by H. C. Carey. – 2nd ed. – Philadelphia: Parry & McMillan, 1856. – 426 p.; 20 x 13 cm.
[INDEX: p. 415-426. – PARTIAL CONTENTS: Chapter 1: The wide extent of slavery; III: Of slavery in the United States; X: How slavery grew and is maintained in the United States; XV: How can slavery be extinguished; XX: Of the duty of the people of the United States... – Stamped cloth binding]

[Book, 1858]
Henson, Josiah, 1789-1883
Truth stranger than faction: Father Henson’s story of his own life
/ with an introduction by Mrs. H.B. Stowe. – Boston; Cleveland: John P. Jewett and Company; Henry P.B. Jewett, 1858. – xii, 212 p. : ill.; 19 x 13 cm.
[Frontispiece: engraved portrait [signed Josiah Henson]. – “Among all the singular and interesting records to which the institution of American slavery has given rise, we know of none more striking, more characteristic and instructive, than that of Josiah Henson.” – p. iii. – Stamped cloth binding]

[Periodical, 1859]
The Anglo-African magazine. – New York: Published by Thos. Hamilton, 48 Beekman Street, 1859. – V. 1, no. 1 (January, 1859)- ; ill.; 25 x 17 cm.
[Thomas Hamilton, 1822-1865. – Frontispiece: engraved portrait of Alexander Dumas. – “The Anglo-African Magazine: a monthly octavo of 32 pages, devoted to literature, science, statistics, and the advancement of the cause of human freedom, and is under the editorial supervision of a ripe scholar, and fine writer.” – Inside back cover. – The first seven installments of Blake, Martin R. Delany’s unfinished novel of a slave uprising in the American South, were published in the Anglo-African in 1859; it was not published in a single volume until 1970]

[Carte-de-visite, ca. 1860]
Sojourner Truth: I Sell the Shadow to Support the Substance.
10.5 x 6.5 cm.

[Carte-de-visite, ca. 1860]
John Brown
10.5 x 6.5 cm.

[Book, 1860]
Report of the Select Committee on the petitions to prevent slave hunting in the State of New York, transmitted to the Legislature, February 11, 1860. – Albany, NY: Printed by C. van Benthuysen, 1860. – 11 p. ; 23 x 14.5 cm.
[Cover title. – “State of New York, no. 72, in Assembly, Feb. 11, 1860.” – p. l]

[Carte-de-visite, ca. 1864]
Chas. Paxon, Photographer, New York
Rosa, a Slave Girl from New Orleans, No. 1

10.5 x 6.5 cm.
[“The nett proceeds from the sale of these Photographs will be devoted to the education of Colored People in the department of the Gulf, now under the command of Maj. Gen’l Banks– on verso]

[Carte-de-visite, ca. 1864]
Chas. Paxon, Photographer, New York
Charles, a Slave Boy from New Orleans, No. 3

Photograph. 10.5 x 6.5 cm.
[“The nett proceeds from the sale of these Photographs will be devoted to the education of Colored People in the department of the Gulf, now under the command of Maj. Gen’l Banks– on verso]

[Carte-de-visite, ca. 1864]
Chas. Paxon, Photographer, New York
Rebecca, a Slave Girl from New Orleans: “Oh! How I Love the Old Flag.”, No. 5

[“The nett proceeds from the sale of these Photographs will be devoted to the education of Colored People in the department of the Gulf, now under the command of Maj. Gen’l Banks– on verso]

[Carte-de-visite, ca. 1865]
[Frederick Douglass, 1817?-1895
Albumen photograph
8.5 x 5.5 cm. (Framed: 28 x 23 cm.)

[Photograph, 1865]
Anti-Slavery Constitutional Amendment Picture: Key to Powell & Co.’s photographs of Abraham Lincoln, Hannibal Hamlin, and of the Senators and Representatives who voted “AYE” on the Resolution submitting to the Legislatures of the several States a proposition to amend the Constitution of the United States so as to PROHIBIT SLAVERY. Passed in Senate, April 8, 1864. Passed in House of Representatives, Jan. 31, 1865. Said Resolution being as follows: ARTICLE XIV, Sect. 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Sect. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
New York: Press of F.M. Bradstreet & Son, 8 Spruce Street, 1865?
2 pieces (photograph; key to photograph)
photograph: 34.5 x 30.5 cm.; key: 34.5 x 27.5 cm.
[Pictured are: Abraham Lincoln, Pres.; Hannibal Hamlin, V. Pres.; 119 members of the U.S. House of Representatives; and 37 U.S. Senators]

[Book, 1869]
Tubman, Harriet, 1820?-1913
Bradford, Sarah H. (Sarah Hopkins) b. 1818
Scenes in the life of Harriet Tubman
/ by Sarah H. Bradford. – Auburn, NY: W.J. Moses, Printer, 1869. – 132 p. ; 19 x 12 cm.
[Frontispiece: engraving of Harriet Tubman. – Stamped cloth binding. – Tubman could neither read nor write; hence, this volume was written by Bradford for Tubman and was published through the generosity of Gerrit Smith, Wendal Phillips, and several of her neighbors. Profits from the sale of the book went toward completing payments on her home in Auburn, N.Y.]

[Book, 1872]
Still, William, 1821-1902
The underground rail road: a record of facts, authentic narratives, letters, &c., narrating the hardships, hair-breadth escapes, and death struggles of the slaves in their efforts for freedom
/ as related by themselves and others, or witnessed by the author; together with sketches of some of the largest stockholders, and most liberal aiders and advisers of the road, by William Still. – [1st ed.] – Philadelphia: Porter & Coates, 822, Chestnut Street, 1872. – 4 p. of adv., 780 p. : ill.; 24.5 x 17 cm.
[Frontispiece: engraving of William Still. – “Illustrated with 70 fine engravings by Bensell, Schell and others, and portraits from photographs from life.” T-p. – “Sold only by subscription” – T-p. – ILLUSTRATIONS: p. 7-8. – CONTENTS: p. 9-21, – “Resolved, That the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society request him [William Still] to compile and publish his personal reminiscences and experiences relating to the “Underground Rail Road.” – Preface, p. 1. – Stamped cloth binding]

[Book, 1883]
Delany, Martin Robison, 1812-1885
Rollin, Frank A.
Life and public services of Martin R. Delany
/ by Frank A. Rollin. – Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1883. – 367 p., + [4] p. of adv. ; 20 x 13.5 cm.
[“Sub-Assistant Commissioner Bureau Relief of Refugees, Freedmen, and of Abandoned Lands, and late Major 104th U.S. Colored Troops.” – T-p. – APPENDIX: p. 303-367. – Stamped cloth binding]

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